polars.DataFrame.to_dict#

DataFrame.to_dict(as_series: Literal[True] = True) dict[str, polars.internals.series.series.Series][source]#
DataFrame.to_dict(as_series: Literal[False]) dict[str, list[Any]]
DataFrame.to_dict(as_series: bool = True) dict[str, polars.internals.series.series.Series] | dict[str, list[Any]]

Convert DataFrame to a dictionary mapping column name to values.

Parameters:
as_series

True -> Values are series False -> Values are List[Any]

Examples

>>> df = pl.DataFrame(
...     {
...         "A": [1, 2, 3, 4, 5],
...         "fruits": ["banana", "banana", "apple", "apple", "banana"],
...         "B": [5, 4, 3, 2, 1],
...         "cars": ["beetle", "audi", "beetle", "beetle", "beetle"],
...         "optional": [28, 300, None, 2, -30],
...     }
... )
>>> df
shape: (5, 5)
┌─────┬────────┬─────┬────────┬──────────┐
│ A   ┆ fruits ┆ B   ┆ cars   ┆ optional │
│ --- ┆ ---    ┆ --- ┆ ---    ┆ ---      │
│ i64 ┆ str    ┆ i64 ┆ str    ┆ i64      │
╞═════╪════════╪═════╪════════╪══════════╡
│ 1   ┆ banana ┆ 5   ┆ beetle ┆ 28       │
├╌╌╌╌╌┼╌╌╌╌╌╌╌╌┼╌╌╌╌╌┼╌╌╌╌╌╌╌╌┼╌╌╌╌╌╌╌╌╌╌┤
│ 2   ┆ banana ┆ 4   ┆ audi   ┆ 300      │
├╌╌╌╌╌┼╌╌╌╌╌╌╌╌┼╌╌╌╌╌┼╌╌╌╌╌╌╌╌┼╌╌╌╌╌╌╌╌╌╌┤
│ 3   ┆ apple  ┆ 3   ┆ beetle ┆ null     │
├╌╌╌╌╌┼╌╌╌╌╌╌╌╌┼╌╌╌╌╌┼╌╌╌╌╌╌╌╌┼╌╌╌╌╌╌╌╌╌╌┤
│ 4   ┆ apple  ┆ 2   ┆ beetle ┆ 2        │
├╌╌╌╌╌┼╌╌╌╌╌╌╌╌┼╌╌╌╌╌┼╌╌╌╌╌╌╌╌┼╌╌╌╌╌╌╌╌╌╌┤
│ 5   ┆ banana ┆ 1   ┆ beetle ┆ -30      │
└─────┴────────┴─────┴────────┴──────────┘
>>> df.to_dict(as_series=False)
{'A': [1, 2, 3, 4, 5],
'fruits': ['banana', 'banana', 'apple', 'apple', 'banana'],
'B': [5, 4, 3, 2, 1],
'cars': ['beetle', 'audi', 'beetle', 'beetle', 'beetle'],
'optional': [28, 300, None, 2, -30]}
>>> df.to_dict(as_series=True)
{'A': shape: (5,)
Series: 'A' [i64]
[
    1
    2
    3
    4
    5
], 'fruits': shape: (5,)
Series: 'fruits' [str]
[
    "banana"
    "banana"
    "apple"
    "apple"
    "banana"
], 'B': shape: (5,)
Series: 'B' [i64]
[
    5
    4
    3
    2
    1
], 'cars': shape: (5,)
Series: 'cars' [str]
[
    "beetle"
    "audi"
    "beetle"
    "beetle"
    "beetle"
], 'optional': shape: (5,)
Series: 'optional' [i64]
[
    28
    300
    null
    2
    -30
]}