polars.Expr.shrink_dtype#

Expr.shrink_dtype() Expr[source]#

Shrink numeric columns to the minimal required datatype.

Shrink to the dtype needed to fit the extrema of this [Series]. This can be used to reduce memory pressure.

Examples

>>> pl.DataFrame(
...     {
...         "a": [1, 2, 3],
...         "b": [1, 2, 2 << 32],
...         "c": [-1, 2, 1 << 30],
...         "d": [-112, 2, 112],
...         "e": [-112, 2, 129],
...         "f": ["a", "b", "c"],
...         "g": [0.1, 1.32, 0.12],
...         "h": [True, None, False],
...     }
... ).select(pl.all().shrink_dtype())
shape: (3, 8)
┌─────┬────────────┬────────────┬──────┬──────┬─────┬──────┬───────┐
│ a   ┆ b          ┆ c          ┆ d    ┆ e    ┆ f   ┆ g    ┆ h     │
│ --- ┆ ---        ┆ ---        ┆ ---  ┆ ---  ┆ --- ┆ ---  ┆ ---   │
│ i8  ┆ i64        ┆ i32        ┆ i8   ┆ i16  ┆ str ┆ f32  ┆ bool  │
╞═════╪════════════╪════════════╪══════╪══════╪═════╪══════╪═══════╡
│ 1   ┆ 1          ┆ -1         ┆ -112 ┆ -112 ┆ a   ┆ 0.1  ┆ true  │
├╌╌╌╌╌┼╌╌╌╌╌╌╌╌╌╌╌╌┼╌╌╌╌╌╌╌╌╌╌╌╌┼╌╌╌╌╌╌┼╌╌╌╌╌╌┼╌╌╌╌╌┼╌╌╌╌╌╌┼╌╌╌╌╌╌╌┤
│ 2   ┆ 2          ┆ 2          ┆ 2    ┆ 2    ┆ b   ┆ 1.32 ┆ null  │
├╌╌╌╌╌┼╌╌╌╌╌╌╌╌╌╌╌╌┼╌╌╌╌╌╌╌╌╌╌╌╌┼╌╌╌╌╌╌┼╌╌╌╌╌╌┼╌╌╌╌╌┼╌╌╌╌╌╌┼╌╌╌╌╌╌╌┤
│ 3   ┆ 8589934592 ┆ 1073741824 ┆ 112  ┆ 129  ┆ c   ┆ 0.12 ┆ false │
└─────┴────────────┴────────────┴──────┴──────┴─────┴──────┴───────┘