Series.to_numpy(*args: Any, zero_copy_only: bool = False, writable: bool = False, use_pyarrow: bool = True) ndarray[Any, Any][source]#

Convert this Series to numpy. This operation clones data but is completely safe.

If you want a zero-copy view and know what you are doing, use .view().


args will be sent to pyarrow.Array.to_numpy.


If True, an exception will be raised if the conversion to a numpy array would require copying the underlying data (e.g. in presence of nulls, or for non-primitive types).


For numpy arrays created with zero copy (view on the Arrow data), the resulting array is not writable (Arrow data is immutable). By setting this to True, a copy of the array is made to ensure it is writable.


Use pyarrow for the conversion to numpy.


>>> s = pl.Series("a", [1, 2, 3])
>>> arr = s.to_numpy()
>>> arr  
array([1, 2, 3], dtype=int64)
>>> type(arr)
<class 'numpy.ndarray'>